Space Juice – Post Mortem/Scienceterrific Analysis.

Posted: September 22, 2014 in awesome, Fudgecrumpet, funky nonsense, science

So, yesterday, I drank a small amount of SPACE JUICE and I did a list of all the ingredients, which besides Water were all creepy sounding e-numbers. Well, after dying and being revived by some sort of voodoo ceremony like in that film where that happens, I decided to find out what all those scary numbers were.

So, my scienceterrific research begins…

Water.
Well, I know what that is. Dihydrogen Monoxide. Adam’s Ale. Tapwasser. All is good.

E300.
Ascorbic Acid. Vitamin C.
Ascorbic acid also known as Vitamin C, essential for growth, healthy teeth, gums, bones, skin and blood vessels and aiding the absorption of iron, is found naturally in many fresh fruits and vegetables.

It is commercially manufactured by several different methods, however one in particular should be noted. This involves a fermentation process using the genetic material of two enzymes from different bacteria being transferred to a single bacterium – Genetic Modification.
Ascorbic acid is easily oxidized and so is used as a reductant in photographic developer solutions (among others) and as a preservative.
(the name ascorbic comes from its property of preventing and curing scurvy)

E202.
Potassium Sorbate.
An antifungal and antibacterial preservative, manufactured by neutralisation of Sorbic Acid.
No known adverse effects.

E211.
Sodium Benzoate.
Used as a preservative, both antibacterial and antifungal but effective in only slightly acid environments. Also used as an antiseptic, as a food preservative and to disguise the taste of poor quality food.
People who suffer from asthma, aspirin sensitivity or the skin disease urticaria may have allergic reactions and/or find their symptoms become worse following consumption of benzoic acid, particularly in combination with tartrazine.
Not recommended for consumption by children.

E952.
Sodium cyclamate.
An artificial sweetener.
It is 30–50 times sweeter than sugar (depending on concentration; it is not a linear relationship), making it the least potent of the commercially used artificial sweeteners.
In the United States, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration banned the sale of cyclamate in October 1969 after lab tests in rats involving a 10:1 mixture of cyclamate and saccharin indicated that large amounts of cyclamates causes bladder cancer in rats,  a disease to which they are particularly susceptible. Another 1978 study “concluded that neither saccharin nor cyclamate is likely to be carcinogenic in man.” Cyclamates are still used as sweeteners in many parts of the world, including Europe.
A 2003 paper reports the first epidemiological study designed to investigate the possibility of a relationship between cyclamate and cyclohexylamine and male fertility in humans. It states that “the results demonstrate no effect of cyclamate or cyclohexylamine on male fertility at the present levels of cyclamate consumption.”

E951.
Aspartame.
Another artificial sweetener.
The safety of aspartame has been the subject of several political and medical controversies, United States congressional hearings and Internet hoaxes since its initial approval for use in food products by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1981. TheEuropean Food Safety Authority concluded in its 2013 re-evaluation that aspartame and its breakdown products are safe for human consumption at current levels of exposure, corroborating other medical reviews. However, because its breakdown products include phenylalanine, aspartame must be avoided by people with the genetic condition phenylketonuria (PKU).

E954.
Saccharin.
An artificial sweetener with effectively no food energy which is approximately 300 times as sweet as sucrose or table sugar, but has a bitter or metallic aftertaste, especially at high concentrations.
Starting in 1907, the USDA began investigating saccharin as a direct result of the Pure Food and Drug Act. Harvey Wiley, then the director of the bureau of chemistry for the USDA, viewed it as an illegal substitution of a valuable ingredient (sugar) by a less valuable ingredient. In a clash that had career consequences, Wiley told President Theodore Rooseveltthat “Everyone who ate that sweet corn was deceived. He thought he was eating sugar, when in point of fact he was eating a coal tar product totally devoid of food value and extremely injurious to health.” But Roosevelt himself was a consumer of saccharin, and, in a heated exchange, Roosevelt angrily answered Wiley by stating, “Anybody who says saccharin is injurious to health is an idiot.” The episode proved the undoing of Wiley’s career.
In 1911, the Food Inspection Decision 135 stated that foods containing saccharin were adulterated. However, in 1912, Food Inspection Decision 142 stated that saccharin was not harmful.
More controversy was stirred in 1969 with the discovery of files from the FDA’s investigations of 1948 and 1949. These investigations, which had originally argued against saccharin use, were shown to prove little about saccharin being harmful to human health. In 1972, the USDA made an attempt to completely ban the substance. However, this attempt was also unsuccessful, and the sweetener continued to be widely used in the United States. It is now the third most popular artificial sweetener behind sucralose and aspartame.

E100.
Curcumin.
An orange yellow colour derived from the root of the curcuma (turmeric) plant.
Turmeric appears to be very safe in recommended doses. However, there is some evidence to suggest that – because turmeric enhances the release of bile in the liver, high doses should not be taken by people with gallstones, obstructive jaundice, acute bilious colic or toxic liver disorders.

E180.
Pigment Rubine, Lithol Rubine BK.
A synthetic azo dye, reddish in colour used solely for colouring the rind of hard cheeses.
People who suffer from asthma, rhinitis or the skin disease urticaria may find their symptoms become worse following consumption of azo dyes.
Banned in Australia.

E120.
Cochineal, Carmic Acid, Carmines.
An expensive red colouring, not suitable for vegetarians as it is extracted from the crushed carcasses of the female Dactylopius coccus, a cactus-feeding scale insect, which are killed by either immersion in hot water or by exposure to sunlight, steam, or the heat of an oven.
May cause allergic reactions.
Not recommended for consumption by children.

E133.
Brilliant Blue FCF, FD&C Blue 1.
A blue synthetic coal tar dye. Synthetic usually occurring as aluminium lake (solution) or ammonium salt.
Not recommended for consumption by children.
Banned in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Norway, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.

E450.
Diphosphates.
I can’t make head nor tail of this. You have a look HERE and maybe you could explain it to me…

E163.
Anthrocyanins.
Natural water soluble plant pigments, present in the cell sap, which imparts the red or blue colours in flowers, fruits and vegetables.
Believed to be safe.

 

So… yeah, I’m still dead. Science.

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